AB Finish This iridescent finish used on glass and plastic beads is named after the colorful lights seen in northern skies, the aurora borealis, or AB for short. The finish is also called rainbow. AB beads may be any color and are usually monochromatic and transparent, but they may also be matte or even pearlized, as well as striped or silver-lined. Beads are given an AB finish by passing them through vaporized metal ions. This process leaves a thin deposit on their surface of tiny metallic particles, which break up light waves into the colors of the spectrum, much as water droplets refract sunlight to create a rainbow. This iridescent play of light causes the underlying color of the beads to shift, sometimes considerably. AB finish is widely used on seed beads and bugles; Czech molded glass beads, both smooth and faceted; plastic plain and fancy shapes; and cut glass crystals.
Handmade Romantic Jewelry
Handmade Romantic Jewelry By: Erika Marie To create your own romantic jewelry, you can draw from romantic movements throughout history. Literature, art, music and nature have served as a source of inspiration in the creation of romantic clothing and jewelry styles throughout history. Let the arts and nature be your muse, and use gemstones, beads and findings in romantic colors and with romantic symbols and imagery to make your own personal adornments.
Make a romantic charm bracelet using hearts.
Dating Brooch Fasteners – to One of the best ways to avoid reproductions and fakes is to know and understand how originals are made. Reproductions are rarely made the same as originals due to changes in materials, labor costs and modern production techniques.
This normally plain-colored material turned vibrant shades of yellow, green, turquiose, red, brown, auburn, orange, and blue when fired. When a person was laid to rest, these beads were woven into intricate net-like shrouds depicting the deceased in youth, gods, animals and other motifs. These shrouds were then laid across the sarcophagus before the tomb was finally closed.
Over the centuries, the original twine which held the beads together decomposed and the tombs were eventually buried in the desert sand. These beads come from the Simonian family collection, Switzerland, acquired in the ‘s. The beads have been re-strung on sturdy flexible wire with sterling silver clasps and findings, and are perfectly wearable.
I have finally created a page for finished items coming straight from collections mine and others. My pages are such a confusion of different kinds of items that I am going to try to organize better. This is a beginning Early silver beads and bird pendants from Peru. This necklace is a bit of a mix between two areas in South America.
Meridian Petite Pearl Bracelet From the Meridian Collection This women’s bracelet is the ultimate statement of femininity, with Swarovski glass pearls and crystals, giving it the look of fine jewelry.
By Kate Miller-Wilson Jewelry Designer Whether you’re interested in fine jewelry or fun costume pieces, you’ll notice that nearly every item in your jewelry collection has markings on it. These markings indicate important information about your piece, so it’s helpful to understand what they mean. From metal content to manufacturer, your jewelry markings can give you a clue about the value and history of your favorite pieces.
Metal Content Many jewelry marks represent the metal content of the piece. This is important because silver-plated and sterling silver items look virtually identical to the untrained eye. Understanding the metal content of your piece can help you make sure you get the quality for which you’re paying. Typically, you’ll find metal content stamps near the clasp on necklaces and bracelets, on the inside surface of rings, and on the backs of earrings, pins, and brooches. Legal Requirements for Metal Stamps on Jewelry Although many people assume that jewelry manufacturers are required to stamp their pieces with metal content, this is not always the case.
In fact, according to the Jewelers Vigilance Committee , which is the legal compliance authority for the jewelry business, the standard is actually a little less clear. These are the legal requirements: Jewelry manufacturers in the United States must inform the consumer about precious metal content, but the content doesn’t actually have to be stamped on the piece.
Authentic Chanel Jewelry
She started her career managing a gift shop in the McAlpin Hotel, and in opened her own business. After teaming with Frank Hess she created a style of mostly handwired costume jewelry, quite different than what had been seen up to that time. The use of many tiny pearls and mirror backed stones roses montees required many hours of hand labor, making this more expensive than the average fashion jewelry for the time.
Her style was soon imitated by companies such as DeMario, Eugene, Originals by Robert, and even more contemporary companies such as Stanley Hagler. Though Miriam retired due to poor health in the ‘s, the company continued and remains in business to this day, not only creating modern versions of the Haskell style but also manufacturing for many other costume jewelry concerns.
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The aptly named safety clasp is a popular option for fine jewelry. This style of closure often includes elaborate filigree work. To operate the clasp, you insert a tiny, flexible hook into the outer portion of the clasp, catching a small bar inside the clasp.
Japan, Occupied Japan, Made in Japan A great deal of vintage Japanese costume jewelry is very well made, far better than most contemporary “fashion jewelry,” with many pieces on par with Coro, Trifari, Lisner. Some of the designs are often mistaken for Miriam Haskell. In the past and in some circles, a low regard for Japan jewelry was due to the fact that after WWII labor in Japan was cheap, and so the jewelry was inexpensive and put out in large quantities. But we must realize that most of this jewelry is hand strung in such an array of designs that rarely are two Japan necklaces found exactly alike.
In fact, many Coro bead necklaces of the ‘s and ‘s were actually imported from Japan, which may also be true for some of the Lisner bead necklaces. The artisans of Japan, as impoverished as they were at the time, were also highly talented. Japan faux peals are the best in the world; Miriam Haskell used them on her jewelry. Also, gorgeous lampwork and other hand painted art glass beads and crystals were used.
All these, along with moonglow beads and hand painted plastics, acrylics with foil and aurora borealis coatings can be found in vintage jewelry marked Japan. Gold tone clip findings are wired with all glass bead dangles including round and puckered and twisty beads to rattle and dance around your smile on the first day of spring! Hand painted in bright colors, this carved duck has a spring set head so he can bobble and bounce as you move. He will be a delightful addition to your collection.
Vintage Costume Jewelry Info: Brooch Clasp Types
As time went on, the pins became shorter. Although mostly seen on older brooches, some inexpensive brooches are made with C-clasps even today. The trombone clasp, patented in Europe in , was named after the musical instrument as it had a tube with a round top. You would pull the top out to release the pin. These were used in the latter half of the 19th century into the s, mostly by European jewelers.
Jewelry boxes were once like treasure chests for the royalty, priests, and aristocrats who could afford to own valuables worth being stowed away. But as fine jewelry became more affordable during the Industrial Revolution, jewelry boxes, too, were mass-produced for the middle class.
If jewelry has hallmarks and they appear authentic, identifying its value is a whole lot easier. But many countries — including the U. How does a budding collector begin to unravel this puzzle? Europe, 19th to 21st Centuries , due out in its second printing this month. Yes, especially in the U. Even in the U. As a result, there is nowhere to research the identity of a signature or mark. You will only find hallmarks on jewelry made in countries that have laws that require independent testing of metal fineness and that document their makers marks with an official stamp — a government stamp or an independent lab stamp — indicating the results of such testing.
In most European countries, a secondary system is set up where the assay office tests the pieces and puts their stamps on it to indicate that it was verified by an independent body. Most people buying an expensive diamond today want a certificate issued by an independent organization like the GIA. Just like these certified diamonds that are laser-inscribed on the girdle of the diamond with the cert number, a hallmarked item is marked with the results of the testing.
Click here for a close-up of the marks. It is listed as dating from The interior circumference of the bracelet measures 7 inches. There are a few small dents on the raised ball decorations, as seen in the photo. Otherwise, the bracelet is in excellent, unpolished condition. Click here for more views.
C clasps were also popular during the Victorian era. One way to tell if it is a very early piece is to examine the pin itself. This old style C Clasp shows the pin extending quite a way beyond the brooch and held by a C piece of metal.
Whether updating a collection, searching for information about a family heirloom, or assisting a colleague or customer, dating a piece of vintage costume jewelry can present a challenge. Less familiar primary sources such as patents and copyrights, books about specific companies, and period advertisements also provide a wealth of information to assist with dating. For this article, examples from the mid-twentieth century will be provided, though the techniques and tools described here could be used for dating jewelry from other periods.
After Trifari won a court case in for copyright infringement, patenting these types of designs was widely discontinued and replaced by the less-expensive process of design copyrighting. It is obvious that Trifari and Coro patent information can be used to date pieces of their manufacture. However, this information can also be used to assist with dating jewelry made by other companies. The patented designs from a given year or a given decade show the popularity of styles, materials and themes, and indicate the types of findings and the methods of construction being used for the time period.
Prior to the early s, typical necklace clasp styles used by Coro and Trifari were spring ring, push also known as box , or fold-over. In the s, a new type of clasp using a hook and extender became popular for costume jewelry necklaces. The other types of clasps continued to be used, and are still used today. However, if you were dating a necklace that has an original hook-and-extender clasp, you could begin your research with the assumption that the piece was likely made no earlier than the s.
When available, copyright information can be used in the same manner. A great example is jewelry manufactured by Hollycraft during the s. Since Hollycraft was not a huge manufacturer like Coro or Trifari, and had a more defined style, this information is not of great use in identifying general styles of the decade.
Bracelets Gift Ideas, Jewelry, Dating Anniversary Gifts for Her
Tweet Clasp Tightly The clasp may not be the most beautiful part of your diamond jewelry; however it is possibly the most important aspect. Without a clasp you would be unable to put on or remove diamond necklaces or diamond bracelets. Clasps have come a long way since ancient times when a knot with a loop was used to enable jewelry to be worn and removed with ease. The knot and loop also allowed the jewelry to be lengthened and shortened. The original clasp was great for its functionality but not so great for its aesthetic appeal.
JEWEL CHAT Costume Jewelry Magazine. MIRIAM HASKELL JEWELRY Present. However, by keeping in mind these ideas, much can be established in identifying Haskell jewelry and dating it. to the late s ~ the unsigned years Haskell beads unsigned, Note the rectangular clasp. This is still a Hess design. (Closer view).
Lobster clasps are very strong since the ovoid shape means that the strain is never on the delicate part that opens. The only disadvantage to this style of closure is that it can be difficult to operate with one hand. However, these clasps are always circular. They consist of a hollow open circle with an inner piece that retracts when you pull the trigger. This provides an opening for the other end of the necklace or chain. They come in a wide variety of metals and sizes, and some are embellished with engraving, two-tone decorations, and even tiny gems.
You’ll find these clasps on everything from fine jewelry to costume pieces, although they are usually used on items that are more delicate. Because of the circular design and the relatively weak area where the inner portion of the clasp retracts into the hollow circle, spring ring clasps are not as secure as some other options.
The inner part has a tendency to break or bend if too much strain is put on the jewelry, making them a poor choice for heavy necklaces or for bracelets that might catch on things. Safety Clasps The aptly named safety clasp is a popular option for fine jewelry.
Lot 19 , Diamond andamp; demantoid garnet pendant-brooch; Center: Lot 32 , Antique diamond, demantoid andamp; silver-topped gold brooch, c. Lot 48 , Edwardian diamond andamp; platinum necklace, c. From contemporary pieces to antiques, jewelry hallmarks are typically found on gold and silver jewelry.
However, the materials they used in making jewelry in West Germany had to be inexpensive due to its struggling economy. They became known for their plastic bead sets, beaded tiered bib style necklaces and crystal beaded cluster earrings, brooches, and bracelets.
Sapphire The most popular form of sapphire is blue sapphire, which is known for its medium to deep blue colour and strong saturation. Fancy sapphires of various colours are also available. In the United States, blue sapphire tends to be the most popular and most affordable of the three major precious gemstones emerald, ruby, and sapphire. Turquoise is prized for its attractive colour, most often an intense medium blue or a greenish blue, and its ancient heritage.
Turquoise is used in a great variety of jewellery styles. It is perhaps most closely associated with southwest and Native American jewellery, but it is also used in many sleek, modern styles. Some gemstones like pearls, coral, and amber are classified as organic, meaning that they are produced by living organisms. Others are inorganic, meaning that they are generally composed of and arise from minerals.
Some gems, for example, amethyst , have become less valued as methods of extracting and importing them have progressed.